Hinduism is the 3rd largest religion in the world after Christianity and Islam. But it is not demographically as widely spread on the world’s map as the first two. Hindus and Christians tend to live in countries where they are in the majority whereas Muslims infiltrate other societies and then try to change the whole demography of the region in a few centuries by violence, migration and high fertility rates.
In the coming decades, India will have the distinction of having the largest populations of Muslims and Hindus. according to religious projections data. In 2050, Indian Hindu population would be 1.3 Billion and there would be 311 million Muslims (11% of the global total), making it the country with the largest population of Muslims in the world, surpassing Indonesia which currently has the world’s largest number of Muslims. This is a point to ponder. It is going to give rise to more of social unrest and communal violence, given the likelihood that the Muslim share in higher education, jobs and services does not increase proportionately.
97% percent of all Hindus live in the world's three Hindu-majority countries (India, Mauritius and Nepal), and nearly 87% Christians are found in the world's 157 Christian majority countries. Hinduism is the most geographically concentrated of all the major religious as less than 1% of Hindus live outside Asia and the Pacific.
India currently is home to 11 per cent of the world Muslim population, the second largest after Indonesia. Muslims are growing faster in India. By the 2010 data, Muslim women have an average of 3.2 children per woman, compared with 2.5 for Hindus and 2.3 for Christians.
95% of the Hindu population live in India which is the home of the birthplace of Hinduism. By a sharp contrast only 1.6% of Muslims live in Arabia, the birthplace of Islam.
So I tend to believe that Hinduism is by nature not a proselytising ideology and are they are comparatively far more peaceful people as a religious lot than Muslims and Christians. That’s why although Hinduism being the oldest religion of the world, could not become the largest. It employed non-violent methods of promoting their religion unlike the others. It does not have stringent rules to be followed and not they enforce their beliefs on to others.
India is encircled by fanatic brand of Islam. The countries Pakistan and Bangladesh contain about 19% of Muslims population and adding the in-house number, means that 30% of the Muslim population.
The partition of the sub-continent by the British was the event which sealed the fate of the subcontinent for the next century. The forefathers of India knew, secularism is the way to govern such a mammoth and diverse land. It was never accepted by all of the population. From the very beginning there was a hard core of Hindu nationalists who maintained that India should be a Hindu country. They made their presence felt most dramatically when one of their members assassinated Mohandas Gandhi in 1948. But beyond the nationalists, there are literally tens of millions of Indians who never bought into the idea of secularism.
The elite’s so-called secularism inevitably degenerates into disrespect for religion. But the vast majority of Indians, who do not enjoy the benefits of modernity, still believe that religion is one of the most important factor in their lives. In other words, for the Indian masses living in abject poverty, religion is the sole source of comfort and hope. For them, secularism is an unappealing and alien concept.